Prof. Dr. Carsten Ruhl

Amal Salih

Project Description

Arieh Sharon's Architecture during the British Mandate (1917-1948); the Story of the Leading Bauhaus Graduate in Palestine/Eretz-Israel.

The Israeli architect Arieh Sharon (1900-1984) was born in Poland and in 1920 he immigrated to Palestine as a member of a socialist group, the founders of Kibbutz Gan Shmuel. In 1926 Sharon left the kibbutz and moved back to Europe to study architecture at the Bauhaus. After his graduation and a short experience in the office of Meyer, he returned to Palestine in 1931, but this time he chooses to settle in Tel Aviv. He established his private office and was involved in planning dozens of public and housing buildings and new settlements, most of them for the Histadrut - the General Federation of Labour. Furthermore, he was active in promoting modern architecture by publishing articles on contemporary architecture, participating in professional circles of modernists, and by teaching architecture at the Technion - Institute of Technology in Haifa.
The proposed study will examine Sharon's work in a transnational perspective, and examine the influence of the cultural-social background in the country of origin on life in the host country. The political activity of the Zionist movement in Palestine and Europe was the generator of immigration to Palestine, but the end result of the building momentum was an expression to a material culture influenced by Western capital and farmers, artisans, academics, engineers and architects from Europe, building regulations of the British Mandate and a Levantine culture and climate.
Aryeh Sharon came back to this reality in 1931 and designed diverse projects for private clients and public organizations, urban projects and agricultural colonies, residential buildings, and hospitals. The study will examine his projects in a cultural-social context and examine the impact of his study at Bauhaus and working with Meyer on his architecture till 1948.

Short Biography

After a bachelor degree in statistics and work at a bank, Amal Saleh turned to the field of architecture and art history. He acquired the profession of practical engineer in architecture (Handasa´i in Israel) in 2000 and then studied BA and MA in art history at the University of Haifa while practicing architecture in the private sector in his area of residence. Thanks to a partnership city contract between Haifa and Mainz he received a one-year scholarship at the University of Mainz as part of a student exchange program with the University of Haifa, during which he wrote his master thesis on the Bauhaus's second director Hannes Meyer.
2013-2017  Amal Saleh studied architecture at the University of Applied Sciences in Mainz and is currently employed in an architecture office in the city of Mainz.
After preparing a research proposal on the architect Arieh Sharon in Palestine before the establishment of the State of Israel, he started conducting his project in the winter semester 2019/2020.